In our project we investigate whether the current gold mining boom in Burkina Faso represents a case of enclaving. Do extractive enclaves emerge as the predominant spatial format of resource extraction in Burkina Faso vis-à-vis other spatial formats such as traditional forms of land tenure, subnational units of state administration, transregional regimes of managing resource extraction, or the nation state? If enclave formation can be observed, how does this emerging spatial format shape existing spatial orders? Is this process connected with the emergence of an „enclave democracy“ or other forms of governance such as a new developmental or neo-extractivist state? Our project looks at the processes of de- and reterritorialization connected with the expansion of global capital and the emergence of nodes of resource governance in the gold mining sector. We hypothesize that the agency of stakeholders on the national and subnational levels (especially civil society organizations and local populations) in shaping these processes has increased since the 1990s. They act in varied ways, for example by mobilizing globally cicrulating ideas about development, resource management, and rights; by strategically networking with transnational or non-governmental organizations; or by resorting to violence on the ground. The project focuses on the consequences resulting from these actions for processes of enclaving from an anthropological perspective.
In our project we investigate whether the current gold mining boom in Burkina Faso represents a case of enclaving. Do extractive enclaves emerge as the predominant spatial format of resource